Punjab is a state situated in the northern part of India. It is bordered by the states of Himachal Pradesh to the North and Northeast, Haryana to the Southeast and South, Rajasthan to the southwest, Pakistan to the west; the Indian union territories of Jammu and Kashmir to the North, and Chandigarh to the East. Chandigarh, a union territory, is the capital of both Punjab as well as the neighbouring state of Haryana. Punjabi is the most widely spoken and official language of the state.

The name Punjab is a compound of Panj and āb. Panj refers to the five number in counting and āb refers to water.  Punjab name derived from the five rivers that passed through Punjab, and that five rivers are Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum. Since partition of India in 1947, only two rivers – the Sutlej and Beas lie within Punjab territory, while the Ravi flows only along part of its western border. The rivers make the soil here quite fertile that is why the state gives the entire country a good harvest. It is the second largest producer of Wheat in India.

During Mahabharata, Punjab was known as Trigarta and ruled by Katoch kings.

Sikhism was born in the land of Punjab in the 15th century. Majority of Punjabis are Sikh. Sikhs have fought battles and ended evil Mughal Empire under the leadership of 10th Guru of Sikhs – Guru Gobind Singh ji. Again in 1849, Punjab was invaded by British Troops and saw the most brutal day in history which was the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre in 1919. When India gained its independence in 1947, Punjab was split between the new sovereign states of India and Pakistan, and the smaller eastern portion became part of India.

Punjab has been termed as “Smiling Soul of India” due to its vibrant and fun-loving people who welcome you with open arms and a smile on their face. It is known for its vibrant and colourful cultures in the world. The traditional dress for men is the kurta and tehmat, which is being replaced by the kurta and pajama. The traditional dress for women is ghaghra and kameez, along with a waistcoat, but now they tend to wear salwar suits.  The salwar suit is accompanied with a dupatta, which comes in bright colors and attractive phulkari embroidery. The Patiala salwar (style of salwar) is very popular in India. Both men and women wear Punjabi juttis (Punjabi version of the shoe) with their outfits.

The state’s most famous traditional dances are Bhangra and Giddha. Bhangra is performed by men and Giddha is performed by women. Punjabi dance normally performed at times of celebration, including festivals, harvests, and weddings. Punjabi celebration is incomplete without the sound of dhol and dholak, which is played in sync with Punjabi boliyan. 

Punjab is famous for some unique dishes in India and many parts of the world. Some of the most popular culinary delights of Punjab are chole kulche/ bhature, dal makhani, butter chicken, stuffed paratha (stuffed with different vegetables like potato, cauliflower, onion, radish, or even cottage cheese), lassi, makki ki roti & sarson ka saag, and more.

Punjabis celebrate many festivals throughout the year with vivacious energy. Some of festivals are Baisakhi, Lohri, Gurpurb, Guru RavidassJyanti, Hola Mohalla, Rakhri and Diwali.

Punjab is home to the most beautiful Gurudwaras in the entire country. Harmandir Sahib (The Golden Temple) is the oldest and sacred Gurdwara for sikhs around the world. There are many Forts/Monuments in the state that tell the story of the land’s past such as Wagah/Attari border, Jallianwala Bagh.

Other popular attractions in Punjab are Sheesh Mahal, Moti Bagh Palace, Qila Mubarak, Rock Garden and many more.

Andaman And Nicobar Islands Is A Major Tourism Hub With Exotic-Looking Beaches And Pristine Islands Having Equally Exotic Names, Wonderful Opportunities For Adventure Sports Like Snorkeling, Scuba Diving And Sea-Walking. Viper Island Which Was Earlier Visited Is Now Kept Closed By The Administration. Nicobar Islands (The Southern Group) Are Mostly Inaccessible To Tourists.


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