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Punjab is a state situated in the northern part of India. It is bordered by the states of Himachal Pradesh to the North and Northeast, Haryana to the Southeast and South, Rajasthan to the southwest, Pakistan to the west; the Indian union territories of Jammu and Kashmir to the North, and Chandigarh to the East. Chandigarh, a union territory, is the capital of both Punjab as well as the neighbouring state of Haryana. Punjabi is the most widely spoken and official language of the state.
The name Punjab is a compound of Panj and āb. Panj refers to the five number in counting and āb refers to water. Punjab name derived from the five rivers that passed through Punjab, and that five rivers are Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum. Since partition of India in 1947, only two rivers – the Sutlej and Beas lie within Punjab territory, while the Ravi flows only along part of its western border. The rivers make the soil here quite fertile that is why the state gives the entire country a good harvest. It is the second largest producer of Wheat in India.
During Mahabharata, Punjab was known as Trigarta and ruled by Katoch kings.
Sikhism was born in the land of Punjab in the 15th century. Majority of Punjabis are Sikh. Sikhs have fought battles and ended evil Mughal Empire under the leadership of 10th Guru of Sikhs – Guru Gobind Singh ji. Again in 1849, Punjab was invaded by British Troops and saw the most brutal day in history which was the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre in 1919. When India gained its independence in 1947, Punjab was split between the new sovereign states of India and Pakistan, and the smaller eastern portion became part of India.
Punjab has been termed as “Smiling Soul of India” due to its vibrant and fun-loving people who welcome you with open arms and a smile on their face. It is known for its vibrant and colourful cultures in the world. The traditional dress for men is the kurta and tehmat, which is being replaced by the kurta and pajama. The traditional dress for women is ghaghra and kameez, along with a waistcoat, but now they tend to wear salwar suits. The salwar suit is accompanied with a dupatta, which comes in bright colors and attractive phulkari embroidery. The Patiala salwar (style of salwar) is very popular in India. Both men and women wear Punjabi juttis (Punjabi version of the shoe) with their outfits.
The state’s most famous traditional dances are Bhangra and Giddha. Bhangra is performed by men and Giddha is performed by women. Punjabi dance normally performed at times of celebration, including festivals, harvests, and weddings. Punjabi celebration is incomplete without the sound of dhol and dholak, which is played in sync with Punjabi boliyan.
Punjab is famous for some unique dishes in India and many parts of the world. Some of the most popular culinary delights of Punjab are chole kulche/ bhature, dal makhani, butter chicken, stuffed paratha (stuffed with different vegetables like potato, cauliflower, onion, radish, or even cottage cheese), lassi, makki ki roti & sarson ka saag, and more.
Punjabis celebrate many festivals throughout the year with vivacious energy. Some of festivals are Baisakhi, Lohri, Gurpurb, Guru RavidassJyanti, Hola Mohalla, Rakhri and Diwali.
Punjab is home to the most beautiful Gurudwaras in the entire country. Harmandir Sahib (The Golden Temple) is the oldest and sacred Gurdwara for sikhs around the world. There are many Forts/Monuments in the state that tell the story of the land’s past such as Wagah/Attari border, Jallianwala Bagh.
Other popular attractions in Punjab are Sheesh Mahal, Moti Bagh Palace, Qila Mubarak, Rock Garden and many more.
Andaman And Nicobar Islands Is A Major Tourism Hub With Exotic-Looking Beaches And Pristine Islands Having Equally Exotic Names, Wonderful Opportunities For Adventure Sports Like Snorkeling, Scuba Diving And Sea-Walking. Viper Island Which Was Earlier Visited Is Now Kept Closed By The Administration. Nicobar Islands (The Southern Group) Are Mostly Inaccessible To Tourists.
Places To visit
Punjab offers plenty of options for sightseeing and exploration that keep tourists engaged throughout their stay. The most popular among these is the Golden Temple (also known as Harmandir Sahib) in Amritsar which is the holiest pilgrimage site in Sikhism. There are historical sites, museums, wildlife sanctuaries, gardens and many more places, which are great for enjoy with friends and family.
Amritsar, historically known as Ramdaspur and informally known as Amarbar is the largest and most important city of the Punjab state in India. Amritsar is very close to western border of India and lies about 25 kilometers east of the border with Pakistan. The city is a major commercial, cultural, and transportation centre. It is the spiritual and cultural centre of the Sikh religion and is home to the Golden Temple (also known as Harmandir Sahib). Alongside, the city also holds historical significance and a proud past.
The city derives its name from Amrit Sarovar which was built by Guru Ram Das in the village of Tung. Guru Ram Das believed that the waters of the lake had healing powers. The land was bought by him for a small amount of 700 rupees and a temple complex was built around it. Gradually, the village developed and came to be known as Chakk Ram Das which finally became Amritsar that literally means the ‘Pool of the Nectar of Immortality’.
It is located around 82 Km from Jalandhar, around 141Km from Ludhiana, around 230 Km from Chandigarh, around 198 Km from Dalhousie, around 208 Km from Dharmshala, around 215 Km from Jammu, around 334 Km from Shimla and around 450 Km from Delhi. The Major attractions of Amritsar are:-
Patiala is one of the famous princely states of erstwhile Punjab. It is the fourth largest city in the state of Punjab and is located in the Southestern. It is surrounded by the districts of Rupnagar, Fatehgarh Sahib and the Union Territory of Chandigarh in the North, Sangrur district in the West, Kaithal district of neighbouring state of Haryana in the South and Ambala and Kurukshetra districts of Haryana in the east. It was founded in 1763 as the capital of the royal dynasty state of Patiala.
Patiala has strong historical and cultural roots, along with surrounded by architectural marvels that are a blend of Mughal and Rajput architecture. In popular culture, the city is highly famous for its traditional 5 Ps: Patiala Shahi Turban (a type of headgear which is worn by Sikhs), Paranda (a coloured tassel braid worn by women in the hair), Patiala Salwar (a type of ladies pants), Patiala Jutti (a type of footwear) and Patiala Peg (a measurement of liquor). It is now a trade and industrial centre.
It is located around 55 Km from Ambala, around 74 Km from Chandigarh, around 93 Km from Ludhiana, around 155 Km from Jalandhar, around 157 Km from Bathinda, around 235 Km from Amritsar and around 255 Km from Delhi. The Major attractions of Patiala are:-
Ludhiana is a biggest Industrial Hub in Northern India state of Punjab that produce cycle parts, hosiery, sewing machines, etc and export all over the world. It is situated on the South bank of the Sutlej River and is also known as the “Manchester of India”. Ludhiana was named after the Lodhi Dynasty that founded and ruled it, which was then a village called Mir Hota. Apart from being Industrial Hub, Ludhiana has Gurudwaras, Forts and ancient ruins. Each year it also hosts the famous Rural Olympics at Kila Raipur in the month of January-February.
It is located around 142 Km from Amritsar, around 63 Km from Jalandhar, around 74 Km from Chandigarh, around 93 Km from Patiala, around 142 Km from Bathinda and around 325 Km from Delhi. The Major attractions of Ludhiana are:-
Chandigarh, also known as “The City Beautiful”, is first ever planned city of India that was designed by the Swiss – French architect Le Corbusier. It is situated near the foothills of the Sivalik mountain range of the Himalayas in northwest India. Chandigarh is city and a union territory in India that serve as a capital of Punjab and Haryana. Name of city is derived from Temple of Godess Chandi that situated near the city in Panchkula District. Chandigarh along with two of its neighboring cities of Mohali and Panchkula, collectively referred as the Chandigarh Tricity. Apart from unique design and beautiful architecture, it is famous for greenry and clean roads. It is also a gateway to many lovely hill stations in Uttarakhand, Himachal and further north.
It is located around 147 Km from Jalandhar, around 110Km from Ludhiana, around 230 Km from Amritsar, around 115 Km from Shimla, around 128 Km from Kufri, around 55 Km from Kasauli, around 195 Km from Mussorie, around 250 Km from Delhi, around 315 Km from Dalhousie, and around 240 Km from Dharmshala. The Major attractions of this clean city Chandigarh are:-
Jalandhar, formerly known as Jullundur, is a remarkable personification of the rich history of Punjab. This ancient city was part of the Indus Valley Civilization and was the capital of Punjab from India’s Independence until Chandigarh was built in 1953. It is situated between the two rivers Sutlej and Beas.
Present day, a town of great antiquity has become one of the most important commercial and industrial Hubs, and represents the best of the old and the new. Jalandhar is referred to as the sports capital of India, having produced great sportsmen who have represented the country; it is also a major exporter of sports equipments. Jalandhar is also famous for its leather industry, leather for footwear and leather goods.
It is located around 83 Km from Amritsar, around 47 Km from Hoshiarpur, around 63 Km from Ludhiana, around 148 Km from Chandigarh, around 156 Km from Patiala, around 165 Km from Bathinda, around 194 Km from Dalhousie, around 159 Km from Dharmshala, around 223 Km from Jammu, around 221 Km from Shimla, around 236 Km from Kufri and around 372 Km from Delhi. The Major attractions of Jalandhar are:-
6. Anandpur Sahib
Anandpur Sahib is a holy city of bliss that is located in the Rupnagar district (Ropar) of Punjab and where the ninth Guru – Guru Teg Bahadur Ji and tenth Guru – and Guru Gobind Singh Ji, lived.The city is one of most sacred places for Sikhs as Guru Gobind Singh Ji founded Khalsa Panth here in 1699. The place where this sacred event took place has been commemorated by the construction of a Gurudwara. The city is known for its multitude of Gurudwaras that were built to commemorate various Sikh Gurus. There are 5 forts on the border of the city, made by tenth Guru – Guru Goind Singh ji that testifies to the city’s military history.
It is located around 222 Km from Amritsar, around 86 Km from Hoshiarpur, around 115 Km from Ludhiana, around 132 Km from Chandigarh, around 120 Km from Patiala, around 315 Km from Delhi, around 232 Km from Dalhousie, around 158 Km from Dharmshala, around 280 Km from Jammu, around 125 Km from Shimla, around 140 Km from Kufri and around 92 Km from Kasauli. The Major attractions of Anandpur Sahib are:-
Bathinda, formerly spelt as Bhatinda, is one of the oldest cities of Punjab and it’s named after Bhati Rajput kings, who ruled Punjab during the 6th century. The first woman emperor of India, Razia Sultan was imprisoned in 1239 in the Qila Mubarak Fort in Bathinda. Bathinda’s nicknamed the “City of Lakes”, this is city where Guru Gobind Singh ji fought against the Mughals in 1634. Later, it followed the culture and system of the erstwhile princely state of Patiala, but is now its own district. It is home to two modern thermal power plants, a fertilizer plant, a large oil refinery, and historic Qila Mubarak fort. It is famous as a historical and religious centre.
It is located around 190 Km from Amritsar, around 142 Km from Ludhiana, around 130 Km from Chandigarh, around 157 Km from Patiala and around 319 Km from Delhi. The Major attractions of Bathinda are:-
Pathankot is a prominent city in Punjab that is often used as gateway to the Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir. It shares border with Pakistan on the West and is a meeting point of the three northern states of India, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab and Himachal Pradesh. It is situated in the foothills of Kangra and Dalhousie, with the river Chakki. Pathankot is best known for its serene green beauty and a rich historical past. This picturesque town has been named after the Pathania Rajputs who once ruled the city. It was known for Loi (shawl) weaving industry for many centuries and currently also houses the base for the defence forces – the Indian Air Force and the Indian Army.
It is located around 111 Km from Jammu, around 82 Km from Dalhousie, around 86 Km from Dharmshala, around 113 Km from Amritsar, around 100 Km from Hoshiarpur, around 172 Km from Ludhiana, around 220 Km from Chandigarh, around 265 Km from Patiala, around 293 Km from Manali and around 481 Km from Delhi. The Major attractions of Pathankot are:-
Kapurthala is referred to as the ‘City of Palaces and Gardens’ because of wonderful architecture and gorgeous gardens. The city is named after Rana kapur (a scion of the Rajput Gharana of Jaisalmer), who found this place in the 11th century. It was once the capital of the Kapurthala State (in 1780 Kapurthala became the capital), a princely state in pre-independence India, ruled by the Ahluwalia Dynasty. The secular and aesthetic mix of the city with its major buildings based on French and Indo-Saracenic architecture self-narrate its princely past. It was one of the first cities in Punjab to get modern amenities like Drinking water, communication system and sewerage, which still work. It is also known as the Paris of Punjab because of its well- planned city and cleanliness.
It is located around 68 Km from Amritsar, around 60 Km from Hoshiarpur, around 81 Km from Ludhiana, around 174 Km from Chandigarh, around 174 Km from Patiala, around 161 Km from Bathinda, around 390 Km from Delhi, around 208 Km from Dalhousie, around 173 Km from Dharmshala, around 239 Km from Shimla, around 254 Km from Kufri and around 207 Km from Kasauli. The Major attractions of Kapurthala are:-
Things To Do
How To Reach
TOUR PACKAGES OF PUNJAB
Inclusions & Exclusion
- Assistance on Arrival.
- Accommodation on double sharing basis with breakfast.
- The vehicle is available strictly as per the itinerary and not at disposal
- All entry permits, entry tickets included to all sight-seeing points.
- Entrance fee for monuments as listed in the itinerary.
- All parking, road taxes, toll charges etc.
- Child below 5 yrs will be complimentarily.
- Boat ride at Sukhna Lake in Chandigarh.
- Heritage walk include English speaking guide as tour leader, history overview and explanation of famous and interesting sites mentioned in the itinerary, local street food tasting (upto 3 or 4 dishes).
- Additional Excursions Or Sightseeing Or Extra Usage Of Vehicle, Other Than Mentioned In The Itinerary.
- Any Expenses Caused By Reasons Beyond Our Control Including But Not Limited To Bad Weather, Natural Calamities (Landslides, Floods), Flight Delays, Excess Baggage, Rescheduling Or Cancellations, Any Accidents, Medical Evacuations, Riots, Strikes, War, Airline Or Hotel Policies Etc.
- Any Increase In Taxes Or Fuel Price, Leading To Increase In Cost On Surface Transportation & Land Arrangements, Which May Come Into Effect Prior To Departure.
- Meals Not Mentioned In The Inclusion
- Tour Guide Services At Any Sightseeing Place.
- All Water Sport Activities Like Snorkeling, Scuba Diving, Glass Bottom Ride, Sea Walking Etc…
- Any Services Not Specifically Mentioned In The Inclusions.
- Camera Tickets Are NOT INCLUDED In The Mentioned Cost Of Sightseeing & Transfers.
- Any Portage At Airports And Hotels, Tips, Visa, Insurance, Alcoholic And Non Alcoholic Beverages, Mineral Water, Telephone Charges And All Items Of Personal Nature.
- Expenses of pony or palkies or helicopter service during journey of Mata Vaishno Devi Bhawan and Bhairo Baba Temple.
- Compulsory Gala Dinner On X’mas & New Year Eve If Applicable.
- Any Services Not Specifically Mentioned In The Inclusions.
- Card Surcharge If Payment Through Credit Card
- Peak Season Supplements And Charges
- All Applicable Government Taxes.
- Optional activities mentioned in the itinerary & anything not mentioned in the above package.
Note: Inclusion And Exclusion Of Customized Trips Will Be Provided On Request.