Delhi is a city and union territory of India containing New Delhi, the capital of incredible India. It is situated on the banks of the Yamuna River and is bordered by Haryana State on three sides and by Uttar Pradesh State to the East. It is regarded as the heart of the nation. It is one of the metropolitan cities in India and is third largest city of the world. Delhi is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in India (since the 6th century BCE).
Delhi has a strong historical background. It is believed to be the place was the legendary capital of the Pandavas, called as “Indraprastha”, during the time of Mahabharata. It has been ruled by several most powerful emperors.
The king Prithviraj Chauhan was one of the last Rajput rulers of Delhi, to whom defeated by Muhammad Ghori in 1192. When Ghori died in 1206, the Delhi Sultanate was established. In between 13 and 17 centuries, the City was ruled by a succession of Delhi, Turkey and the Afghan Lodhi dynasties. They built many of forts and townships which are part of the seven cities of Delhi. In 1526, Zahir ud-Din Muhammad defeated the last Lodhi Sultan and established the Mughal Empire.
After the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the city came under the British control and they declared Calcutta (now Kolkata) as official Capital. In 1911, George V along with Queen Mary announced, that the Capital of the British Raj has been shifted from Calcutta to Delhi.
After independence in 1947, New Delhi (also known as Lutyens’ Delhi) was officially declared as the Capital of India. It was created the Union Territory as per the States Reorganization Act, 1956. In 1991, the 69th Constitutional Amendment declared the Union Territory of Delhi to be formally known as National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT). There are 11 administrative districts of Delhi, (a union territory of India) which further divided into 33 subdivisions, 59 census towns, and 300 villages.
Delhi is divided between two parts Old Delhi and New Delhi. Old Delhi is more conservative and features ancient building and holds most of the city’s history unlike, while New Delhi to the west is a modern city with architecturally modern infrastructure. Old Delhi contains Red Fort, Jama Masjid, Humayun’s Tomb, Chandni Chowk, etc. sites of interest, and New Delhi contains India Gate, Parliament House, President House, etc. sites of interest. The capital city has three UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Being the Capital of Republic India, Delhi is center of Government’s Legislature and Judiciary system. Delhi is also the Centre of the National Capital Region (NCR), which is a unique interstate regional planning area and it comprises Delhi along with several adjoining districts in neighbouring state of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.
Delhi is the largest centre of commercial and small Industries in Northern India. It is also one of the main centers of trade and service industries of North India. The IT sector, textiles, handloom, fashion and electronic industries contribute much to the economy of Delhi.
Hindi is the most widely spoken language and it is also the official language of Delhi while Urdu and Punjabi have been declared as additional official languages. People of Delhi also communicate in English Language.
Delhi has mixed culture as people from all part of the country live here, that have a strong influence on the lifestyle of Delhi. Consequently, all major festivals of India are celebrated by Delhiites (people lived in Delhi) with similar bliss and enthusiasm. Delhi is known for its Mughlai food and also for street food. Both type of food are apparent and enjoyed by Indians and foreigners. Some of traditional Indian street foods are Paranthas, Gol Gappe, Chaat, Chole Bhature, Kachori, Dahi Bhalle, Kebabs, Biryani, Rolls, etc.
Delhi has hosted many major international sporting events including the inaugural 1951 Asian Games, 1982 Asian Games, 1983 NAM Summit, 2010 Men’s Hockey World Cup, 2010 Commonwealth Games, 2012 BRICS Summit and was one of the major hosted cities of the 2011 Cricket World Cup.
Places To visit
Delhi is one of the metropolitan cities in India and it is divided between two parts Old Delhi and New Delhi. Old Delhi is more conservative and features ancient building and holds most of the city’s history unlike. Old Delhi contains Red Fort, Jama Masjid, Chandni Chowk, etc. New Delhi to the west is a modern city with architecturally modern infrastructure, which was built by the Britishers as their Capital. New Delhi contains Parliament House, President House, etc. Delhi is rightly referred to as the heart of India due to the prominence in terms of politics, tourism, history, and culture. The capital city comprises everything from tasty food to the shopping area to monuments to tourist attractions that make Delhi tours a memorable one. The Major attractions of Delhi are:-
1. Akshardham Temple –Breathtaking Architecture
Akshardham Temple, also known as Swaminarayan Akshardham Temple, is famous Hindu temple, for its gorgeous architecture. It is dedicated to Lord Swaminarayan who is avatars, devas and great sage of Hinduism. This architectural beauty was built by the Bochasanwasi Shri Akshar Purushottam Swaminarayan Sanstha (BAPS) but was inspired by Yogiji Maharaj and work started towards the construction by Pramukh Swami Maharaj. The construction of the temple complex was started in 2000 and took almost five years to be completed, with the efforts of BAPS, thousands of skilled artisans and volunteers. It was inaugurated by Pramukh Swami Maharaj in the presence of Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam (then the President), Manmohan Singh (then the Prime Minister) and others in 2005.
Located on the banks of the Yamuna River, this temple complex display the essence of India’s ancient architecture, vibrant devotional tradition and timeless hindu spiritual messages. The name Akshardham is a compound of “Akshar” and “Dham”. Akshar means eternal and Dham means abode, which together means abode of the eternal. The temple is recognised by Guinness World Records as the World’s largest comprehensive Hindu Temple.
The structure of the temple has been built according to Pancharatra Shastra and Vastu Shastra which have not use steel, rather made of the Rajasthan pink sandstone and white Italian carrara marble. The main shrine has been completed with 234 intricately carved pillars, 9 beautiful domes, 20 quadrangle spires, the Gajendra pith and 20,000 sculptures of spiritual personalities from India. Walls and ceilings of the temple are adorned with carved motifs and images of deities, flowers, dancers, etc. Inside the main temple, the centerpiece is a 10 feet (3 meters) high gold statue of Lord Swaminarayan surrounded by marvelous intricate carving and gold leafed. Spreading over 83,342 square feet area, Akshardham temple is 141 feet (43 meters) high, 316 feet (96 meters) wide and 356 feet long (109 meters).
In addition to Main temple, the temple complex contain –
- Abhishek Mandap,
- Exhibition Halls- three exhibitions like Sahajanand Darhsan, Neelkanth Darshan and Sanskruthi Darshan which is a cultural boat ride,
- Lush Garden (spread over 60 acres),
- The Lotus Garden,
- Musical Fountain or Water Show,
- Narayan Sarovar- that contains the waters of 151 holy rivers and lakes from across India,
- The Vegetarian Food Court
- Akshardham Books and Gifts Center.
Photography and bring food and drink are not allowed inside the temple.
It is 21 Kilometers away from Delhi Airport, 6 Kilometers from Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station, 11 Kilometers from New Delhi Railway Station, 10 Kilometers from Old Delhi Railway Station, and its nearest Metro Station is Akshardham which is on Blue Line.
2. Gurudwara Bangla Sahib – Magnificent Sikh pilgrimage
Gurudwara Bangla Sahib is one of most prominent pilgrimage site for Sikh community. It is located on Ashoka Road with close to Connaught place in New Delhi.
According to legend, it was initially a Jaisinghpura Palace, residence of Jai Singh, ruler of Amber Kingdom (later known as Jaipur). In 1664, when the eighth Sikh Guru, Guru Har Krishan Sahib, came to visit King, he stayed in this palace. During the same time smallpox and cholera epidemic broke out, the Guru helped effected people by distributing water from the well located within Palace. But later the Guru himself got affected with the ailment and died in that same palace.
After his death, Raja Jai Singh dedicated his Palace to commemorate the Guru. The Raja also constructed a tank over the well, which is today called Sarovar, enhance the aesthetic beauty of the Gurudwara. Over the years, the structure of the former Gurudwara underwent many changes. The grand complex is built in the Sikh architecture in which used white marble. The front wall of the Gurudwara is embellished with intricate carvings. Inside the main shrine, where the holy book (the Granth Sahib) is kept, adorned with golden carving which is distinctive feature.
While entering the Gurudwara, shoes have to be deposited near the entrance, head need to be covered. Headscarves are also available in the basket at the entrance. Photography is not allowed inside the Gurudwara.
In addition to the main shrine and the holy Sarovar, the Gurudwara complex contain a langar hall where serve a vegetarian meal to devotees who come to visit, the Yatri Niwas (Hostel for tourists), a museum, an art gallery, a hospital, a school and library.
Every Year, on the birth anniversary of Guru Har Krishan, special prayers and gatherings are held in the Gurudwara.
It is 14 Kilometers away from Delhi Airport, 3 Kilometers from New Delhi Railway Station, and its nearest Metro Station is Rajiv Chowk which is on Yellow and Blue Line or Patel Chowk which is fall on Yellow Line. Travellers can also opt for the Airport Express Metro service to reach this place and deboard at Shivaji Stadium (on Orange Line).
3. Humayun’s Tomb – The garden of Tombs
Humayun’s tomb or Maqbara-e-Humayun is the splendid mausoleum of Mughal Emperor Humayun which was built by his Persian wife and chief consort, Empress Haji Begum (also known as Bega Begum). Located in Nizamuddin East of Delhi, it was the first ever garden style tomb on the Indian Subcontinent. It was designed by Persian architect Mirak Mirza Ghiyas and his son, Sayyed Muhammed ibu Mirak Ghiyathuddin (final structure was completed after his father sudden demise). The construction of a mausoleum was started in the year 1565, nine years after the death of Emperor Humayun and it was completed in 1572. It was built at the cost of 1.5 million rupees.
The magnificent mausoleum stands on a massive platform which has a height of upto 7 meters (23 feet). Its design has incorporating Persian and Mughal architectural style and is made by using red sandstone and white marbles while the tomb itself is made of yellow and Black Marble. It is surrounded by beautiful lush garden (called Chaharbagh Garden) which is divided into four squares by paved walkways and water channels.
The two-storeyed tomb is crowned with white marble dome which is 42.5 meters (140 feet) high and is capped with 6 meters (20 feet) long brass finial ending in a crescent. The first rectangular storey of the tomb is adorned with arches, which are located around the whole perimeter of the building. The cenotaph of the emperor is located in the central room of the second-storey which is adorned with many rows of arched windows and the central room is octagonal.
In addition, the complex also contains the tomb of Humayun’s wives, descendants along with other significant members of the Mughals. The tomb complex has two lofty double-storeyed arched gateways on the western and southern side. The western gateway from where enter the inside of the complex and the southern gateway is closed now to the public that time it was royal entrance.
Its epitome beauty that inspired major architectural innovations, lead up to in the construction of the Taj Mahal. The tomb was declared as the UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 1993 for it brilliant architectural beauty.
It is 14.5 Kilometers away rom Delhi Airport, 2 Kilometers from Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station, and its nearest Metro Station is Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium (JLN Stadium) which is on Violet Line.
4. India Gate – India’s largest War Memorial
The India Gate (earlier known as the All India War Memorial) is a war memorial which is located at the Rajpath, in the center of Delhi. It was built to pay tribute to more than 80000 Indian soldiers who sacrificed their lives during the First World War and the third Anglo Afghan War. This 42 meter high arch was designed by the famous architect Edwin Lutyens and is often compared to the Gateway of India in Mumbai, and the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. On the top of the arch ‘INDIA’ is written on both sides, the names of the 13300 soldiers have been inscribed on the walls of the monument. Construction of the India Gate began in 1921 and it was completed in 1931.
Under the India Gate there is another memorial – the Amar Jawan Jyoti (Flame of the immortal soldier), that was constructed after the Indo-Pakistani War (Bangladesh Liberation War) of 1971, to commemorate the Indian soldiers who sacrificed their lives during the war. The structure consists of marble pedestal on which a cenotaph is situated; Amar Jawan is written in Gold on all four sides of the cenotaph and on top reversed Rifle has stood with helmet of the Unknown Soldier. The pedestal has been bound by four Urns, one of which holds a continuously burning flame.
Every year on the Republic Day (i.e. 26th January), a prestigious and the most ceremonious event occur in front of the India Gate. The best time to visit the India Gate is during the evening when the monument is bathing in the surrounding lights and beautiful fountains around it give the place a truly marvelous look. Children Park, the lush green lawns and boat club around the place make it perfect picnic sport for people of all age group.
It is 14 Kilometers away from Delhi Airport, and its nearest Metro Station is Central Secretariat which is on Yellow Line.
5. ISKCON Temple – Seek blessings
The ISKCON Temple, actual name is Sri Sri Radha Parthasarathi Mandir, is a Vaishnav temple dedicated to Lord Krishna and his consort Radha in the form of Radha Parthasarathi. It is located in the Hare Krishna Hills, in the East of Kailash region of New Delhi. The temple got its name from The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON) which is founded by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada in 1966 and was designed and built by Achyut Kanvinde. It is also known as Hare Rama Hare Krishna Temple and was inaugurated by former Prime Minister of India late Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
ISKCON Temple is one of the largest temple complexes in the country. The main shrine is embellished with intricate carvings and stonework by Russian artists, which represent different phases of certain deities’ lives. Inside the main shrine, the idols are adorned with prosperous clothes and jewellery, and the center hall with pristine artwork and echo chant of ‘Hare Rama Hare Krishna’ is the central theme.
Along with being one of the famous tourist attractions, this temple is also a centre for learning Vedic sciences and several devotional lectures are arranged for the benefit and spiritual nerve of devotees.
The temple celebrates several festivals like Krishna Janamashtami, Radhastami, Sri Gaura Purnima and Ramanavami with great vigour and in a grand scale. The temple complex also houses of –
- Vedic museum which organises multimedia shows exhibiting great epics such as Ramayana and Mahabharta to educate people;
- Govinda’s vegetarian Restaurant which serves only vegetarian food and is open for all tourists ;
- Bhaktivedanta Library which holds more than 2000 Vedic books of various authors and saints.
Photography, Mobiles and Cameras are not allowed inside the temple. It is 21 Kilometers away from Delhi Airport, 5 Kilometers from Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station, 12 Kilometers from New Delhi Railway Station, and its nearest Metro Station is Nehru Place which is on Violet Line.
6. Jama Masjid – India’s largest Mosque
Jama Masjid, originally called as Masjid-I Jahan-Numa, is largest mosque of India built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan at the cost of one million rupees. It is situated in the Chandni Chowk, Old Delhi and surrounded by beautiful Mughal structures. The mosque designed by architect Ustad Khalil. The construction of the mosque was started in 1650 and took almost six years to be completed, with the efforts of five thousand artisans under the supervision of wazir Sadullah Khan. It was inaugurated by Sayed Abdul Ghafoor Shah Bukharil, an Imam from Uzbekistan on 23 July 1656, at Shah Jahan’s invitation. Its name derived from the word ‘Jummah’ referring to the congregational prayer observed by Muslims on Fridays.
The structure of grand mosque is built on an expansive elevated stone platform where can be accessible through flights of stairs from three huge arched entrance gates (Eastern, Northern and Southern Gate). The eastern gate (also known as Royal entrance) is the largest, has 35 steps and it was reserved for use of Mughal Emperors, remains closed on weekdays. The northern and southern gates have 39 and 33 steps, respectively. The prayer hall, on the west side, is capped with three marble domes and entrance is adorned with high rising arches which cover the mihrab. Interior of the mosque is adorned with floral design, lavish arches and fluorescent motifs. The floor of the mosque has designed with 899 boxes of white and black marble which is look like a prayer mat marked for the Muslim devotees. A collection of relics of Muhammad – the Quran written on deerskin, a red hair from the beard of the prophet, a pair of his footwear and his footprints embedded in a marble block which is located in the cabinet of north gate.
The mosque also comprise four towers, two 40 meter high minarets constructed of alternating vertical strips of red sandstone and white marble, a pool which is used for ablutions before worship, and a courtyard that can hold upto 25000 devotees at a time. Each minaret has 130 steps inside to climb to the top and southern one is open to public for a fee. It was the last architectural extravagance of Shah Jahan, after the Taj Mahal and the Red Fort.
Every Year, on the holy occasion of Eid thousands of pilgrims throng the mosque to offer special Namaz in the morning. Sadly, non-Muslims are prohibited inside the Masjid during Namaz offerings.
It is 16.5 Kilometers away from Delhi Airport, 3 Kilometers from New Delhi Railway Station, 3 Kilometers from Old Delhi Railway Station, and its nearest Metro Station is Jama Masjid which is on Violet Line.
7. Jantar Mantar – World’s largest Observatory
Jantar Mantar is an astronomical observatory which is constructed by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur in the year 1724. It is located on the Sansad Marg (Parliament Srtreet), Connaught Place in New Delhi. The main aim of the observatory was to accumulate astronomical tables, and to predict the accurate time and movement of the Sun, the Moon and other planets. It comprises of 13 astronomy and the major instruments are – the Samrat Yantra, Jai Prakash, the Ram Yantra and the Misra Yantra.
The observatory was built out of brick, rubble and then plastered with lime. After constructing Delhi’s Jantar Mantar, Raja Jai Singh II constructed more such structure by same name in Jaipur, Ujjain, Varanasi and Mathura. The instruments (at Jantar Mantar) can no longer be used accurately because of the tall buildings around.
There is also a small temple of Bhairava that is located towards the east of Jantar Mantar which was also built by Maharaja Jai Singh II.
It is 13.2 Kilometers away from Delhi Airport, 2.3 Kilometers from New Delhi Railway Station and its nearest Metro Station is Janpath which is on Violet Line.
8. Laxminarayan Temple (Birla Mandir)
The Laxminarayan Temple, also known as Birla Mandir or Birla Temple, is a Hindu temple, primarily dedicated to Lord Vishnu and his consort Laxmi. It is located on Mandhir Mang on the west side of Connaught Place in New Delhi. The temple was built by an Indian entrepreneur B.D. Birla and his son Jugal Kishore Birla that is why it is known as the Birla Mandir. Construction of the temple was started in 1933 and it took six year of time for completion, and Mahatma Gandhi, Father of the Nation, inaugurated the Laxminaryan Temple in 1939 on the condition that everyone would be allowed to enter the temple, irrespective of their caste. It was the first Hindu temple in Delhi before India’s Independence.
A leading proponent of the ‘ Modern Indian Architecture Movement’ Sris Chandra Chatterjee was the architect of the temple and he adapted the Architecture of Laxminarayan temple from Nagara style of Hindu temple architecture. The temple is embellished with carvings depicting the scenes from Hindu mythology. The temple has been constructed on a high plinth. It has 3 stories and the highest spire of the temple is 165 feet high whereas the other side spires lengthen to 116 feet. The main Laxminarayan idols of the temple are constructed by high-quality marble which was sourced from Jaipur.
Apart from main temple, there are other small temples which are dedicated to Lord Shiva, Lord Krishan, Lord Ganesha, Lord Hanuman, Goddess Durga and Lord Buddha. Spreading over a 7.5 acres, the temple complex contains many shrines, fountains, and a garden with Hindu and Nationalistic sculptures, and also house Geeta Bhawan for discourses. Every Year, the temple celebrates Krishna Janamashtami with great vigour.
Photography, Mobile and Camera are not allowed inside the temples but is permitted in the surrounding gardens.
It is 13 Kilometers away from Delhi Airport, 3 Kilometers from New Delhi Railway Station, and its nearest Metro Station is Ramakrishna Ashram Marg which is on Yellow Line.
9. Lodhi Garden – Heritage amidst nature
Lodhi Garden or Lodi Garden is one of the pleasantest green parks, which is situated between Khan Market and Safdarjung’s Tomb on Lodhi Road in New Delhi. Spread over an area of 90 acres, the garden houses the mausoleums of two sultanate rulers- Muhammad Shah from the Sayyids dynasty and Sikander Lodhi from the Lodhi dynasty. The tomb of the Muhammad Shah was built by his son, Ala-ud-din Alam in the year of 1444 and its design has incorporating Islamic and Hindu architectural style. This tomb is in the octagonal shape with eight small chhatris around the central dome, numerous arches and ornate turrets at each corner. Another significant tomb of the Sikander Lodhi which was built by his son Ibrahim Lodhi in 1517 and it was resemblance to the tomb of Muhammad Shah but without any chhatris along with dome.
The garden was originally named after the wife of then Governor-general of India, Lady Willingdon, who had landscaped the place and turned it into beautiful manicured garden. The garden was inaugurated in the year 1936 by Lady Willingdon. After independence in 1947, the garden was renamed as Lodhi Garden or Lodi Garden.
In addition to the mausoleums, the garden also contains the Bara Gumbad or Big Dome (in the middle of the garden) which were built by during the reign of Sikandar Lodi in 1494, the three-domed mosque which is attached to Bara Gumbad, the Sheesh Gumbad or the glazed Dome (opposite to the Bara Gumbad), the Athpula Bridge which stand on eight pillars forming seven arches, a lake, a glasshouse which established by American architect- Joseph Stein in 1968, and National Bonsai Park where one can more than 100 species of trees and 50 species of birds and butterflies. Currently, the garden is maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).
Along with being an architectural site, it has also become hotspot destination for local joggers, morning walkers, and yoga enthusiasts. The garden is also used for spending time together by young couples.
It is 12 Kilometers away from Delhi Airport, 5.2 Kilometers from Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station, 8 Kilometers from New Delhi Railway Station, and its nearest Metro Station is Jorbagh and Lok kalyan which is on Yellow Line.
10. Lotus Temple –Architectural delight
Lotus Temple, also known as Bahai House of Worship, is one of the prominent architectural excellences and a representative of the Indian artistic nuances. It is located on a 9.7 hectare area to the eastern side of Nehru Place, one of the busiest commercial hubs in New Delhi. The shrine was designed by Iranian architect Fariborz Sahba with deep significance. The construction of the temple took around Ten Years to be completed and was completed in the year 1986.
The temple is dedicated to Bahai Faith which is a world religion whose purpose is oneness and togetherness among people of different countries, race and religion. It is one of the seven Bahai House of Worship present around the world.
The structure of the temple is built in the shape of a lotus flower with 27 petals created out of white marble which is arranged in three ranks of nine petals each. Lotus flower gave temple not only its shape but name as well. There are nine entrances of the Lotus temple which are surrounded by beautiful floral garden and scintillating ponds and present a captivating sight. Inside the main shrine, there is a central hall with the height of slightly over 34 meters and can accommodate 2500 people at a time. It is open to people of all castes, races and religion.
Before entering the temple, leave the shoes in the shoe room. Photography is restricted inside the main structure and there is strict code of silence to be maintained at all times. Lotus temple has won many architectural awards all over the world.
It is 18 Kilometers away from Delhi Airport and its nearest Metro Station is Nehru Place which is on Violet Line.
11. Parliament House
The Parliament House (or Sansad Bhawan) is the most impressive circular colonnade building of India. It is located along with Sansad Marg at a distance of 750 meters from Rashtrapati Bhavan. It was designed by architect Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker in 1912-1913, whose design was based on the Chausath Yogini Temple in Mitawli. Construction of the Parliament building began in 1912 and it was completed in 1927, this iconic building was inaugurated by Lord Irwin (then the Governor -General of India).
The domed circular Central Chamber (or Central Hall) with oak paneled walls, and surrounding this chamber are three semi circular halls that are used for the Lok Sabha , Rajya Sabha and a Library Hall. In between these three halls lies a garden. The Central Chamber (Central Hall) is considered very important part of the Parliament building since this is where the Indian Constitution was drafted. The Parliament building also has facilities of offices and accommodation for ministers, important officers of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, Chairman and Parliamentary Committees. It also houses a Museum which is made complete with modern, high-tech and conforms to international standards, with aims of educating visitors on the Democratic Heritage of India.
New Parliament building is being built, next to the existing, with a higher seating capacity of 1,350 members which is expected to be operational in 2022 while the current building is planned to be converted into museum thereafter.
It is 13 Kilometers away from Delhi Airport, and its nearest Metro Station is Central Secretariat which is on Yellow Line.
12. Purana Qila – Old Fort
Purana Qila or Old Fort (also formerly called Shergarh) is one of the ancient forts of Indian capital Delhi which was built in the time of Mughal emperor Humayun and its construction continued under Afghan emperor Sher Shah Suri and and later completed by Islam Shah. It is believed that the place where the fort was constructed was the assembly hall of Pandavas during the epic Mahabharat.
The massive structure of the fort is built on a raised platform with walls rising up to a height of 18 meters that is surrounded by a moat, which is now used for boating. It spread over a vast 1.5 kilometers of area. The fort is interesting amalgamation of Mughal and Indian architectural style. It has three majestic entrance gates built with red sandstone: first is the Bara Darwaza or Big gate that faces the west; second is the Humayun Darwaza or South Gate that faces the south; third is the Talaqi Darwaza often known as forbidden gate. All three gates are double-storey, adorned with colored-marbles and blue tile work and are surrounded by two gigantic semicircular towers. The Bara Darwaza and Humayun Darwaza are used for entry inside the Qila or Fort but entry is prohibited through Talaqi Darwaza. There are Beautiful balconies (jharokhas) and pavilions (chhatris) at the North and south gates which display of Rajasthani architecture and add to the grandeur of the fort.
The other buildings within the fort premises include:
- Qila –i- Kuhna Masjid – It is single-domed mosque which was built by Sher Shah Suri in 1541, when he has captured the old fort after defeating Humayun. The prayer hall has five doorways with horseshoe shaped arches that designed in the Indo-Islamic architectural style.
- Sher Mandal – It is an octagonal double-storey tower which is topped with an octagonal pavilion. It was built by Sher Shah Suri for entertaining purpose. Later, it is used by Humayun as his personal observatory and library.
- Purana Qila Museum – It is located next to main entrance of the Purana Qila and exhibits many artefacts of various prehistoric kingdoms; prehistoric tools dating back to the Mauryan, Shunga, Kushana, Gupta, Rajput, Delhi Sultanate and Mughal periods; and remnants from the First War of Independence and several age-old manuscripts, textiles, pottery, etc.
Purana Qila also hosts a light & sound show, Ishq-e-Dilli, in the evening from 7:30 pm to 10:00 pm (7:30 to 8:30 pm in Hindi; 9:30 to 10:00 in English) that highlights the stories connected with fort history and Delhi’s past, but no show on Fridays.
It is 15 Kilometers away from Delhi Airport, 5.5 Kilometers from Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station, 6 Kilometers from New Delhi Railway Station, and its nearest Metro Station is Pragati Maidan which is on Blue Line.
13. Qutub Minar – The world’s tallest brick Minaret/Tower
Qutub Minar, also spelled as Qutab Minar or Qutb Minar, is well known historical structure of India that forms part of the Qutub Complex. It is located in Mehrauli area of New Delhi. The construction of the minaret was started in the year 1192 by Qutub-ud-din Aibak, who was the founder of the Delhi Sultante but could finish only the first storey, and later his successor and son-in-law, Shams-ud-din lltutmush added three more storeys to the structure. The magnificent tower is named after his original creator. In 1369, the top storey suffered damages due to lightening which was reconstructed by Firoz Shah Tughlaq who added one more storey (i.e. fifth storey).
The Qutub Minar has five distinct storeys, each featuring a balcony supported by intricately designed brackets, and the first three storeys are built in pale red sandstone, the fourth storey is made of marble, and fifth storey is a mix of marble and sandstone. The tower tapers has a 14.32 meters (47 feet) base diameter which narrow down to 2.75 meters (9 feet) at the top, with height of 72.5 meters(237 feet), making it tallest brick minaret in the world. It has a spiral staircase of 379 steps. The design of the tower was adapted from the Minaret of Jam in Western Afghanistan.
The complex has many other historical edifices around the minaret such as Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, 7m high rust free Iron Pillar, Tomb of lltutmush, Alai Darwaza – a domed gateway to the mosque, Alai Minar- uncompleted victory tower of Khilji and Tomb & Madrassa of Alauddin Khilji.
Before 1976, visitors were allowed access to the first storey of the minaret via internal stairs. But after an accident in the year 1981, access the interior of Qutub Minar is closed for the visitors.
The minaret was even inscribed in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 1993 because of its historical importance and architectural brilliance. Every Year, Qutub Festival is held at this complex in the month of November or December for the three day. The festival sees various mind-boggling performances by musicians, dancers, and artists.
It is 13.8 Kilometers away from Delhi Airport and its nearest Metro Station is Qutub Minar which is on Yellow Line.
14. Raj Ghat – Memorial od Father of Nation
Raj Ghat is a memorial of Mahatma Gandhi, Father of the Nation where he was cremated on the evening of 31st January 1948 a day after his assassination. It is located on the west bank of the Yamuna River in Delhi. Amid on a beautiful garden, the memorial consisting of black marble cenotaph on which Father of the Nation’s last words ‘Hey Ram’ (Oh God) are inscribed which is always adorned with flowers, and at one end of cenotaph, there is eternal flame that burns continuously. It was designed by Vanu G. Bhuta.
Raj Ghat is visited by Indian, foreigners and various delegates to pay their tribute to Mahatma Gandhi, Father of the Nation. A prayer is held every Friday (the day he died at Raj Ghat) along with prayer sessions held on Gandhi’s birth and death anniversaries.
Several other memorials of other notable leaders of India are located in the vicinity of Raj Ghat. Opposite to Raj Ghat, Gandhi Memorial Museum are located where displayed the life, work and philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi through photographs, sculptures, documents, original books, relics, journals, audio-visual clips, and a lot more. A film is also shown on the life and philosophy of Father of the Nation in English and Hindi between 9:30 am and 5:30 pm except on Thursday. It is also featured on Sunday in Hindi at 4 pm, and at 5 pm, it is shown in English.
It is 18.2 Kilometers away from Delhi Airport, and its nearest Metro Station is Delhi Gate which is on Violet Line.
15. Rashtrapati Bhawan – Presidential Palace
The Rashtrapati Bhavan (formerly known as Viceroy’s House) is official residence of the President of India at western end of Rajpath in New Delhi. It was designed by architect Edwin Lutyens in 1912. The presidential Palace took 17 years to construct which was completed in the year 1929, and almost 700 million bricks and 3.5 million cubic feet of stone were used in building. The mansion stands on a 330 acre estate, which has 340 rooms spread over four floors. Apart from the President, it residences of bodyguards, utility staffs and stables. It also has the stunning Mughal Gardens which is open to public for 30 days a year (from February to March).
The design of the building is based on the Edwardian Baroque. The Rashtrapati Bhavan has many halls and rooms for state functions and other purposes, but the most prominent rooms are Durbar Hall and Ashoka Hall. Durbar Hall is the ceremonial hall for the official functions of the President of India and Ashoka Hall is most fascinating and ornately decorated hall among all the halls which was formerly used as state ballroom. The ceilings of the Ashoka Hall are decorated with Perisan painting and walls have fresco paintings, while the floor is totally wooden. The Middle dome of the presidential Place is perfect combination of the Indian and the British architectural styles.
In 2014, President of India Pranab Mukherjee inaugurated a museum inside the Rashtrapati Bhawan so that visitors to get view its arts, architecture and get educated about lives of past presidents.
It is 12 Kilometers away from Delhi Airport, and its nearest Metro Station is Central Secretariat which is on Yellow Line.
16. Red Fort – Pride of Mughal Dynasty
Red Fort or Lal Qila is the largest historical monuments in Delhi, which lies along with the bank of Yamuna River. The fort was built by the famous Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan as his ruling palace in 1638 when he decided to shift his capital from Agra to Delhi. It was designed by architect Ustad Ahmad Lahori who also constructed Taj Mahal. The Fort was completed in 1648. This imposing piece of architecture is made up of impregnable red Sandstone and Marble. The name of the fort derived from its red Sandstone Walls. The main entrance is Lahori Gate on the West side of the Fort. The other major buildings within include:
- Chhatta Chowk (Covered Bazaar, and also known as Meena Bazaar): It lies adjacent to Lahori Gate where Jewellery, silk and other item for the Royal household were sold, Now filled with souvenir hawkers.
- Diwan-i-Am (Hall of Public Audience): The building has a marble platform for the emperor’s throne.
- Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of Private Audience): It is built of white marble, inlaid with precious stones.
- Khas Mahal (Private Palace): It was the main residence of the emperor where the Emperor used to appear before the public for each morning.
- Rang Mahal(Palace of Colour): it was brightly painted and decorated with a mosaic of mirrors, where emperor’s wives were lived.
- Mumtaz Mahal (Jewel Palace): Now used as Archaeological Museum where artifacts, paintings, fabrics and other objects from the Mughal era has been on display.
- Hammam: The hammam were the imperial baths.
The Red Fort was formerly known as Quila-e-Mubarak (the Blessed Fort) because of the residence of Imperial Family. Every Year on Independence Day of India (i.e. on 15th August), the Indian prime minister hoists the national flag here and delivers speech. In 2007, Red fort has declared a UNESCO World Heritage site.
The fort also has a light & sound show in the evening from 7:30 pm to 10:00 pm (depending on the season). It is 20 Kilometers away from Delhi Airport, and its nearest Metro Station is Chandni Chowk which is on Yellow Line.
17. Safdarjung Tomb – Last Garden Tomb
The Safdarjung tomb, also known as Safdarjung Ka Maqbara, is the last colossal garden tomb of the Mughal era which was built in the style of Humayun’s Tomb. It was built in the year 1754 by Nawab Shuja-ud-daulah for his father, Abul Mansur Khan (better known as Safdarjung) who was governor of province of Awadh. The mausoleum is situated at the junction of Safdarjung Road and Aurobindo Marg (Road) in New Delhi.
The mausoleum is made by using red-brown sandstone and white marbles and it is surrounded by huge garden which is laid down on the pattern of the Charbagh style. It has underground chamber with graves of Safdarjung and his wife. The mausoleum has several pavilion such as Moti Mahal (Pearl Palace), Jangli Mahal (Palace of woods) and Badshah pasand (King’s favourite) that were once used as residences by the family of Safdarjung, now offices of the Archaeological Survey of India.
In addition, the Complex also contain as three domed mosque and Library maintained by Archacological Survey of India over the main gateway. The tomb complex has a double storied gateway and its facade has a beautifully crafted in purple colour.
It is 10 Kilometers away from Delhi Airport, 8 Kilometers from Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station, 9.5 Kilometers from New Delhi Railway Station, and its nearest Metro Station is Jorbagh which is on Yellow Line.
18. Agrasen Ki Baoli – A captivating step-well with brilliant architecture
Agrasen Ki Baoli, also known as Agrasen Ki Baoli or Agar Sain Ki Baoli, is historical step-well which is 60 meters long and 15 meters wide. It is located on Hailey Road, near Connaught Place, Jantar Mantar in New Delhi. Although there are no clear historical records to prove who built the magnificent Agrasen ki Baoli and when, but it is believed that it was built during the period of the Mahabharat by the legendary king Agrasen to store the rain water and making it available for the citizens to drinking and daily use purpose. Later in the 14 century, it was rebuilt by the Aggarwal community and also rebuilt during the Tughlaq period of Delhi Sultanate. Now, it is protected by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act of 1958.
The structure of Baoli is built by using an assortment of stones and rocks, rubble masonry. It has 108 steps that spread over three levels; each level is lined with beautiful and symmetrical arched niches on both sides. There is also a small mosque that is located towards the south-west corner of the Baoli complex. It also has a resemblance to the baoli or bawdi or vav in Rajasthan and Gujarat.
According to legend, the water in Baoli was full of black magic that hypnotizes people to jump into it and end their lives. The mystic baoli is placed as the 10th most haunted place in India.
Interestingly, the place has been used to shoot scenes of bolloywood movies such as PK (starring Aamir Khan), Sultan (starring Salman Khan) and Mom (starring Sridevi).
It is 14 Kilometers away from Delhi Airport, 2.8 Kilometers from New Delhi Railway Station, and its nearest Metro Station is Janpath which is on Violet Line, Barakhamba Road which is on Blue Line and Rajiv Chowk which is on Blue or Yellow Line.
19. Garden of Five Senses
The Garden of five senses is 20 acres large park which is combination of natural beauty and man-made art. It is located at Said-Ul-Azaib village, opposite Saket, near the Mehrauli heritage area in New Delhi. It was designed by Delhi’s architect Pradeep Sachdeva and was developed by the Delhi Tourism Transportation Development Corporation (DTTDC) at the cost of whopping 10.5 crores. It took three years to be completed and was inaugurated in February 2003. The park is built partly on a plain area and partly on rocky terrain.
The entrance gate of the Garden of five senses has stainless steel birds mounted on slate-clad pillars and the walls are built in Mughal architectural style, with sandstones. The Garden is segregated into distinct sections. It has –
- Kash Bagh (inspired from Mughal Garden), which are lined with flowering and other shrubs, trees, cascades of sparkling water and series of fountains;
- Neel Bagh which comprise s of pool of water lilies and hundreds of ceramic chimes;
- Food and shopping court;
- An amphitheatre that has blocks of sandstone for seats;
- An open exhibition area with specimen Plants on display;
Moreover, several sculptures and exotic murals have been set up in the garden that making it one of the largest collections of public art in the country.
The Garden also hosts various cultural events such as food festivals, fashion show, dandiya nights and so on; the annual flower show held in the month of February; and art Exhibition and workshops. It is the place where one can stimulate all five senses (touch, sight, smell, sound and taste) and is paradise for nature’s lovers.
It is 16.3 Kilometers away from Delhi Airport, 15.2 Kilometers from Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station, 19.5 Kilometers from New Delhi Railway Station, and its nearest Metro Station is Saket which is on Blue or Yellow Line.
20. Connaught Place – Shopping Hub
Connaught place, fondly known as CP, is one of massive financial and commercial hubs, which is located near Shivaji Bridge in New Delhi. It was designed by Robert Tor Russell and was named after the 1st Duke of Connaught and Stratheam. The construction of Connaught place was started in 1929 and was completed in 1933. In 1995, CP was renamed Rajiv Chowk after the former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi but still continues to be known as Connaught Place.
Connaught Place is built in Georgian architectural style which forms two concentric circles- Inner circle which has Block A to F, and Outer circle, also referred to as Connaught Circus, which has Block G to P. This circular structure with seven roads radiating from the central park connects extensively to different parts of the city. The Central park (large garden near the market) has India’s the largest National Flag, open for tourists to stroll and enjoy picnic and also hosts cultural events. The most famous Palika Bazaar also lies within the Connaught Place.
CP complex houses of the International chain stores like Adidas, Allen Solly, Cantabil, etc, restaurants, offices, hotels, art galleries and antique theatre like Regal Cinema. It is also the topmost place to experience the vibrant nightlife of Delhi housing some of the bars, pubs, lounges, cafes and restaurants.
Connaught Place of New Delhi is the ninth most expensive office location in the world with an annual rent of nearly USD 144 (around Rs 9841.86) per square feet.
Interestingly, the place has been used to shoot scenes of bolloywood movies such as Dil Se, Pyaar Ke Side Effects, 3 Idiots, Rockstar, Agent Vinod, Vicky Donar and many more.
It is 15 Kilometers away from Delhi Airport, 2.5 Kilometers from New Delhi Railway Station, 7.8 Kilometers from Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station, 8.4 Kilometers from Old Delhi Railway Station, and its nearest Metro Station is Rajiv Chowk which is on Yellow and Blue Line.
21. Chandni Chowk – Historical Site and famous for Shopping and food
Chandni Chowk is one of the oldest and busiest markets in Old Delhi, renowned for the availability of every type of goods like varieties of clothes, jewelleries, etc and food. It is located at the western end of Red Fort and provides a view of the Fatehpuri mosque. It was designed by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan’s daughter Princess Jahanara Begum and built by Shah Jahan in the 17th century when he shifted his capital from Agra to Delhi.
The name of the Chandni Chowk came from a tree-lined canal running through its centre, reflecting the moon, during the Mughal emperor shah Jahan era, which literally means Moonlight Square. Chandni Chowk also holds the title of being one of the largest wholesale markets in Asia.
Chandni Chowk is segregated into a numerous small markets which are known for and dedicated to selling specific items. The main markets are as follow:-
- Dariba Kalan: It is well-known for Silver ornaments, but Kundan and Meenakari Jewellery are also available. Some shops also deal in ittar – a special variety of natural perfume.
- Katra Neel: It is known for all kinds of fabrics such as cotton, silk, crepe, satin and muslin. There are many shops dealing lehangas, sarees, suits, etc.
- Khari Baoli: It is known for species, herbs, nuts, dry fruits, etc.
- Nai Sadak: It is known for dealing in school and college textbooks and books for competitive exams and stationery supplies. It remains closed on Sundays.
- Kinari Bazaar: It is known for zardozi items, laces, fabric accessories, frills, the fanciest varmalas and many more.
- Bhagirath Palace: It is known for electrical and electronic goods.
- Fatehpuri Market: It is known for wedding stuff and prayer items; and wholesale trading hub for paneer and khoya. It is also home to plenty of eateries like chole bhature, aloo puri, parathas, kulfi, and more.
It is 18.2 Kilometers away from Delhi Airport, 3 Kilometers from Old Delhi Railway Station, 3.7 Kilometers from New Delhi Railway Station, and its nearest Metro Station is Chandni Chowk which is on Yellow Line.
22. Dilli Haat INA – Handicraft destination
Dilli Haat is a paid-entrance open air craft market and food plaza which is situated opposite to INA Market on the Sri Aurobindo Marg (Road) in South Delhi. It was set up in 1994 jointly by NDMC, D.C. (Handicrafts), D.C. (Handlooms), Delhi Tourism (DTDC), Govt. of India, Ministry of Tourism and Ministry of Textile, with the aim to promote the artisans from all over country to display and sell their artistic wares.
Spreading over 6 acres of land, the market was initially salvaged as a part of a reclamation project and then it was transformed into magnificent cultural market cum food plaza. Dilli haat was developed with extensive foundation work, small thatched roof cottages and kiosks to give it traditional village atmosphere. The market offers a sophisticated fabric and drapery, brassware, gems, metal crafts, handloom products including sandalwood and rosewood items, jute and leather products, and much more. There are 62 stalls, some are permanents but other are rotated every 15 days to other craftsmen.
In addition to this, the Complex also has lip-smacking food cuisines from different parts of India, an exhibition hall, an open stage where cultural events are perform by artists, and separate playing area for children. During festivals time, the place become the excellent place for cultural activities, music dance, and much more. In 2011, Country’s first comic convention, Comic Con India was organized at Dilli Haat INA.
Apart from main Dilli Haat INA, there are two other Dilli Haats- one is at Pitampura in North Delhi which is spread over 7.2 hectares and established in 2008, other is at Janakpuri in West Delhi which is spread over 9.8 acres and established in 2014.
It is 12.4 Kilometers away from Delhi Airport, 9 Kilometers from Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station, 12 Kilometers from New Delhi Railway Station, and its nearest Metro Station is INA which is on Yellow and Pink Line.
Things To Do
How To Reach
TOUR PACKAGES OF DELHI
Inclusions & Exclusion
- Assistance on Arrival.
- Accommodation on double sharing basis with breakfast.
- The vehicle is available strictly as per the itinerary and not at disposal.
- All entry permits, entry tickets included to all sight-seeing points.
- Entrance fee for monuments as listed in the itinerary.
- All parking fee, Road taxes, Fuel and toll charges etc.
- Child below 5 yrs sharing same bed with parents will be complimentarily (For Hotels).
- Experience Delhi and Agra expert’s assistance in the Destinations of the tour.
- Battery Van or Tonga Ride on one side at UNESCO World Heritage Site, Taj Mahal.
- Rickshaw Ride in Heart of Old Delhi Chandni Chowk.
- Additional excursions or sightseeing or extra usage of vehicle, other than mentioned in the itinerary.
- Any expenses caused by reasons beyond our control including but not limited to bad weather, natural calamities (landslides, floods), flight delays, excess baggage, rescheduling or cancellations, any accidents, medical evacuations, riots, strikes, war, airline or hotel policies etc.
- Any increase in taxes or fuel price, leading to increase in cost on surface transportation & land arrangements, which may come into effect prior to departure.
- Meals other than specified in the inclusion.
- Tour guide services at any sightseeing place.
- Camera Tickets are NOT INCLUDED in the mentioned cost of Sightseeing & Transfers.
- Any portage at airports and hotels, tips, Visa, insurance, Alcoholic and non alcoholic beverages, mineral water, telephone charges and all items of personal nature.
- Compulsory Gala Dinner on X’mas & New year Eve if applicable.
- Peak season supplements and charges.
- Any services not specifically mentioned in the inclusions.
- Card surcharge if payment through credit card.
- All applicable government taxes.
Note: Inclusion And Exclusion Of Customized Trips Will Be Provided On Request.