Delhi is a city and union territory of India containing New Delhi, the capital of incredible India. It is situated on the banks of the Yamuna River and is bordered by Haryana State on three sides and by Uttar Pradesh State to the East. It is regarded as the heart of the nation. It is one of the metropolitan cities in India and is third largest city of the world. Delhi is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in India (since the 6th century BCE).

Delhi has a strong historical background. It is believed to be the place was the legendary capital of the Pandavas, called as “Indraprastha”, during the time of Mahabharata. It has been ruled by several most powerful emperors.

The king Prithviraj Chauhan was one of the last Rajput rulers of Delhi, to whom defeated by Muhammad Ghori in 1192. When Ghori died in 1206, the Delhi Sultanate was established. In between 13 and 17 centuries, the City was ruled by a succession of Delhi, Turkey and the Afghan Lodhi dynasties. They built many of forts and townships which are part of the seven cities of Delhi. In 1526, Zahir ud-Din Muhammad defeated the last Lodhi Sultan and established the Mughal Empire.

After the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the city came under the British control and they declared Calcutta (now Kolkata) as official Capital. In 1911, George V along with Queen Mary announced, that the Capital of the British Raj has been shifted from Calcutta to Delhi.

After independence in 1947, New Delhi (also known as Lutyens’ Delhi) was officially declared as the Capital of India. It was created the Union Territory as per the States Reorganization Act, 1956. In 1991, the 69th Constitutional Amendment declared the Union Territory of Delhi to be formally known as National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT).  There are 11 administrative districts of Delhi, (a union territory of India) which further divided into 33 subdivisions, 59 census towns, and 300 villages.

Delhi is divided between two parts Old Delhi and New Delhi. Old Delhi is more conservative and features ancient building and holds most of the city’s history unlike, while New Delhi to the west is a modern city with architecturally modern infrastructure. Old Delhi contains Red Fort, Jama Masjid, Humayun’s Tomb, Chandni Chowk, etc. sites of interest, and New Delhi contains India Gate, Parliament House, President House, etc.  sites of interest. The capital city has three UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Being the Capital of Republic India, Delhi is center of Government’s Legislature and Judiciary system. Delhi is also the Centre of the National Capital Region (NCR), which is a unique interstate regional planning area and it comprises Delhi along with several adjoining districts in neighbouring state of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.

Delhi is the largest centre of commercial and small Industries in Northern India. It is also one of the main centers of trade and service industries of North India. The IT sector, textiles, handloom, fashion and electronic industries contribute much to the economy of Delhi.

Hindi is the most widely spoken language and it is also the official language of Delhi while Urdu and Punjabi have been declared as additional official languages. People of Delhi also communicate in English Language.

Delhi has mixed culture as people from all part of the country live here, that have a strong influence on the lifestyle of Delhi. Consequently, all major festivals of India are celebrated by Delhiites (people lived in Delhi) with similar bliss and enthusiasm. Delhi is known for its Mughlai food and also for street food. Both type of food are apparent and enjoyed by Indians and foreigners. Some of traditional Indian street foods are Paranthas, Gol Gappe, Chaat, Chole Bhature, Kachori, Dahi Bhalle, Kebabs, Biryani, Rolls, etc.

Delhi has hosted many major international sporting events including the inaugural 1951 Asian Games, 1982 Asian Games, 1983 NAM Summit, 2010 Men’s Hockey World Cup, 2010 Commonwealth Games, 2012 BRICS Summit and was one of the major hosted cities of the 2011 Cricket World Cup.


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